Эрүүл мэнд, аюулгүй байдал

Ажил олгогчийн үүрэг

Employers are required to maintain safe and healthy working conditions. The Law on Occupational Safety and Health has detailed instructions for employers with regard to use of machinery and equipment, machineries for lifting, delivering and transporting as well as fire safety requirements. Employers are required to arrange free of cost preliminary and periodic medical checkups (related to their work performance) for all workers.

Employers’ responsibilities are enumerated in the Law on Occupational Safety and Health and some of those include: provision and creation of safe and healthy working conditions; stopping work in the face of imminent danger; conduct risk evaluation for eliminating and controlling possible dangers and accidents at workplace; evaluation of working conditions; and provide training on safe operations and prohibiting employees from work who did not attend training. Workers also have a right to work at safe and healthy workplaces, have medical insurance to cover industrial accidents, and suspend work in the face of imminent danger.

Source: §9-14, 18, 28 of the Law on Occupational Safety and Health 2008

Үнэ төлбөргүй хамгаалалт

Law on Occupational Safety and Health requires employers to provide workers (at no cost) personal protective equipment and special garments, which fit their working conditions and work performance. Employer has to bear all expenses related to testing, purchasing, storing, cleaning, repairing and disinfecting of personal protective equipment.

Source: §15 of the Law on Occupational Safety and Health 2008

Сургалт

Employers are required to arrange health and safety training for newly employed workers, workers who are being transferred from one job or workplace to another, and workers who work at places under toxic and dangerous industrial impact or similar conditions.

Employers are required to conduct training on occupational safety and health at least twice a year and must test their knowledge by testing methods.

Source: §17 & 28 of the Law on Occupational Safety and Health 2008

Хөдөлмөрийн хяналтын систем

Labour Inspection system is provided under the Mongolian labour and occupational safety & health laws. There is a separate Law on State Inspections. The Law on State Inspection defines the rights and responsibilities of state inspectors, the professional labour inspection body, and its officials. State Inspectors exercise the following powers: supervise the implementation of the special rules established by the law or by the state authorised organizations, and to ensure the rules are adhered to; have free access to the establishments to be inspected; involve relevant professionals in the inspection based on agreement with the concerned organizations and ensure that the professional organization has the expertise to conducts laboratory analyses and verification; have free access to information and other relevant documents to be provided by the organizations for the purpose of inspection work; obtain, free of charge, a sample of products for the purpose of analysis; completely or partially stop any work, production, or services considered to be directly, indirectly, or potentially harmful to human life, health and the environment until the dangers are eliminated, if there is failure to implement these decisions, completely stop the concerned production and services, unless otherwise stipulated by law; stop any breaches and shortcomings identified in the course of inspection, and demand that the concerned organization implement tasks assigned to them.

The Law on Administrative Supervision and the General Statute of the State Professional Inspection Agency (SPIA) regulate certain powers of State Inspectors.

Source: §19, 22, 23, and 32 of the Law on Occupational Safety and Health 2008; Law on State Inspections 2003; §139-140 of the Labour Code 1999

Ажлын байрны эрүүл ахуйн дүрэм журмууд

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