Шудрага байдлаар хандах

Цалингийн тэгш байдал

In accordance with the Labour Code, male and female employees performing the same work must receive the same salary.

An employer has the responsibility to prevent gender discrimination in employment policies and labour relations. Employer is further required to ensure gender equality at a workplace by carrying out monitoring and evaluation of legal provisions on equal pay for equal work and equal working conditions and take actions to eliminate identified breaches.

Source: §49 of the Mongolian Labour Code, 1999; §11 of the Mongolian Law on Promotion of Gender Equality 2011

Ялгаварлан гадуурхахгүй байх

Under the Constitution of Mongolia, no person may be discriminated against on the basis of ethnic origin, language, race, age, sex [gender], social origin and status, property and assets, employment occupation and official position, religion and conscience, conviction and opinion, and education.

The Labour Code also stipulates that setting of limitations or privileges in labour relations based on nationality, race, sex, social origin or status, wealth, religion, or ideology is prohibited and an employer found to be involved in the offence of discrimination will be subject to a fine ranging from 5,000 to 100,000 togrogs.

As far as specific provisions with respect to gender discrimination are concerned, the term “gender discrimination” is defined as any action or inaction resulting in discrimination, exclusion or restriction based on sex or attributes of sex and marital status of men and women in political, economic, social, cultural, family and other spheres.

Men and women are guaranteed enjoyment of human rights and freedoms without any discrimination or restriction on the basis of the differences in terms of their age, sex, vocation or rank, views, marital status or education and gender discrimination will be prohibited in political, economic, social, cultural and family spheres.

Gender discrimination in employment and labour relations is prohibited. It is also prohibited to treat preferentially, to restrict or to dismiss an employee based on his/her sex, pregnancy, child care-taking roles, or family status. Collective bargaining agreements must include provisions for creation of opportunities for men and women to combine work and family, to bear and take care of children, to enjoy occupational safety, equal pay for equalf work and to enjoy equal working conditions.

Source: §14 of the Constitution of Mongolia 1992; §7 & 141 of the Mongolian Labour Code, 1999; §4-6 & 11 of the Mongolian Law on Promotion of Gender Equality 2011 

Эмэгтэйчүүдийн тэгш эрх

Under the Constitution of Mongolia, people are guaranteed the right to free choice of employment, to be provided with the enabling conditions for labor, to receive salary and remuneration, to rest and leisure, and to engage in private enterprise. No one shall be illegally forced to work. Furthermore, the citizens of Mongolia have a duty for to work, protect their health, raise and educate his/her children, as well as to protect the nature and environment.

Under the gender equality law, the principle of gender equality stipulates that men and women have opportunities and conditions to enjoy equal rights in political, economic, social, cultural, family and other relations, and to equally participate in social life and equally access the benefits of development and social wealth.

However, women are prohibited from doing jobs which are perceived dangerous for their health and a full list of the occupations prohibited for women are provided in the Order of the Minister for Health and Social Welfare establishing the lists of the jobs prohibited to women and minors (No. A/204 of 1999)

Source: §16 & 17 of the Constitution of Mongolia 1992; §5 & 11 of the Mongolian Law on Promotion of Gender Equality 2011; Order of the Minister for Health and Social Welfare establishing the lists of the jobs prohibited to women and minors (No. A/204 of 1999)

Тэгш эрхийг зохицуулах дүрэм журмууд:

  • 496002
  • 496010
  • 496011
  • 496012
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